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RUMMANA HUSSAIN

Breaking Skin

September 30 - December 19, 2015

Yoni, 1993

Yoni, 1993

Rummana Hussain's oeuvre exists in two parts—one, her early figural works on canvas and paper from the 1980s, and the other her sculptures, installations, and performance works that were among the first to appear in India in the 1990s. These two very seemingly dichotomous bodies of work suggest a disjuncture rather than a gradual progression in her practice.

In Breaking Skin, we present a body of work from the early 1990s that reveals a process of transition from the figurative to the abstract, from allegorical to a direct and bold confrontation, from flat painted two-dimensional planes to textured and ravaged surfaces in diverse media, from a veiled exploration of self to a public, vulnerable personal awakening.

Rummana's earliest departures from the figural painting were experiments in abstraction that remained on paper. She employed xerox, watercolor, indigo, earth pigment, charcoal, terracotta on paper. But perhaps more significantly they were applied not just by brush, but rubbed in, imprinted on crumpled, torn, or creased paper. Titles such as Movement, Fluid, and Fetal Echo that were part of Bodyscapes series signaled for her a newfound awareness of the body not just as an instrument, but the site itself for art-making. These works which focus on the female body, the site of simultaneous violence and fecundity, would continue to remain important throughout her oeuvre; leading not only to the subsequent Tunnel Echoes works but to the images of feminine fertility—the halved papayas, the open mouths, and domes—that continue to reappear in her later works.

“Breaking Skin” served as a testimony to how Hussain, who succumbed to breast cancer at the age of forty-seven in 1999, succeeded in forging an imagery that was deeply personal and yet capable of articulating more universal concerns.

ARTFORUM

Tunnel Echoes, 1994   

Tunnel Echoes, 1994   

During the early 1990 Rummana increasingly turned away from the materials of traditional "high" art, appropriating the material of domestic work—gheru, indigo, terracotta—as creative tools. With this purposeful gesture, Rummana placed woman—the real, physical being who cooks, cleans, and gives birth, who struggles and soothes, who bears the mark of days lived—at the center of her work. Digging past the archaic symbolisms that at the time surrounded the female body - woman as a pure virgin, as the body of a new Indian nation-state, as mother-guider—Rummana presents a view of the individual woman, in all her complexities. Her mixed media work began to allow these multiplicities to emerge and remain: organic curves mapped over a textural grid, as in Love Over Reason, or multiple versions of the same image, different in coloring and size, as in the Dissemination series. The arc that began with these works, and the growing comfort with the plurality that accompanied it matured into her later seminal works of Home/Nation and Tomb of Begum Hazrat Mahal.

Exhibition Views

Exhibition Views Thumbnails
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Crushed blue piece, 1992, Indigo and earth pigment, charcoal on crushed paper
Crushed blue piece
Crushed blue piece, 1992, Indigo and earth pigment, charcoal on crushed paper

Crushed blue piece, 1992

Indigo and earth pigment, charcoal on crushed paper

19” x 29 3/4”

Love over reason, 1993
Love over reason, 1993, Charcoal and earth pigment on folded paper
Love over reason, 1993, Indigo pigment and charcoal on folded paper
Love over reason, 1993, Indigo and earth pigment, charcoal on folded paper
Love over reason
Love over reason, 1993

Love over reason, 1993

Yoni, 1993, Earth pigment, charcoal and graphite on paper
Yoni
Yoni, 1993, Earth pigment, charcoal and graphite on paper

Yoni, 1993

Earth pigment, charcoal and graphite on paper

32 3/4″ x 25”

Tower of Babel, 1993, Terracotta and print on plexi, acrylic, indigo, earth pigment, pastel , and print on plastic pasted on board
Tower of Babel (Detail)
Tower of Babel (Detail)
Tower of Babel
Tower of Babel, 1993, Terracotta and print on plexi, acrylic, indigo, earth pigment, pastel , and print on plastic pasted on board

Tower of Babel, 1993

Terracotta and print on plexi, acrylic, indigo, earth pigment, pastel , and print on plastic pasted on board

27 3/4″ x 22 1/2”

Movement, 1993, Charcoal and earth pigment on paper
Movement
Movement, 1993 (detail)
Movement, 1993 (detail)
Movement, 1993 (detail)
Movement, 1993, Charcoal and earth pigment on paper

Movement, 1993

Charcoal and earth pigment on paper

15” x 16.5″, 14” x 18”, 18″ x 14”/ In 3 parts

Fluid, 1993, Indigo and earth pigment, charcoal on crushed paper

Fluid, 1993

Indigo and earth pigment, charcoal on crushed paper

14″ x 18

Bodyscape, 1993, Earth pigment and charcoal on crushed paper

Bodyscape, 1993

Earth pigment and charcoal on crushed paper

23 1/4″ x 31 1/4”

Strung, 1993, Earth pigment and charcoal on crushed paper

Strung, 1993

Earth pigment and charcoal on crushed paper

23 1/2” x 28”  

Earth picture, 1993, Ink on cut acrylic, terracotta, earth pigment and iron nails on board
Earth Picture
Earth picture, 1993, Ink on cut acrylic, terracotta, earth pigment and iron nails on board

Earth picture, 1993

Ink on cut acrylic, terracotta, earth pigment and iron nails on board

48 1/2" x 36 1/2"  

Eclipse, 1993, Earth pigment and graphite on paper

Eclipse, 1993

Earth pigment and graphite on paper

32 3/4" x 25”  

One into three, 1993
One into three, 1993, Watercolor, pastels and print on paper
One into three, 1993, Acrylic and charcoal on print, pasted on print on paper
One into three, 1993, Charcoal and ink, graphite on print, on paper
One into three, 1993

One into three, 1993

Behind a thin film, 1993, (In 2 parts) 
Behind a thin film
Behind a thin film, 1993, Acrylic on print collage, ink on plastic sheet, charcoal and Xerox on paper
Behind a thin film, 1993, Indigo and earth pigment, acrylic on printed paper, collage and tracing paper pasted on paper
Behind a thin film, 1993, (In 2 parts) 

Behind a thin film, 1993

(In 2 parts) 

 

Dissemination, 1993, Indigo and earth pigment, ink, charcoal and print on paper
Dissemination, 1993 (detail)
Dissemination, 1993 (detail)
Dissemination, 1993, Indigo and earth pigment, ink, charcoal and print on paper

Dissemination, 1993

Indigo and earth pigment, ink, charcoal and print on paper

26 3/4″ x 31 1/2”

Exploratorium, 1993, Earth pigment, charcoal and acrylic on paper, print on paper

Exploratorium, 1993

Earth pigment, charcoal and acrylic on paper, print on paper

28 3/4” x 26 1/2"   

Aperture /Growth, 1993, Indigo and earth pigment and charcoal and print on paper

Aperture /Growth, 1993

Indigo and earth pigment and charcoal and print on paper

25.8” x 19.2”   

Fatal Echo (Latent seed), 1993, Earth pigment and charcoal on paper
Fatal Echo (Latent seed)
Fatal Echo (Latent seed), 1993, Earth pigment and charcoal on paper

Fatal Echo (Latent seed), 1993

Earth pigment and charcoal on paper

24.25" x 18"   

Fatal Echo (Labia Majora), 1993, Earth pigment and charcoal on paper
Fatal Echo (Labia Majora)
Fatal Echo (Labia Majora), 1993, Earth pigment and charcoal on paper

Fatal Echo (Labia Majora), 1993

Earth pigment and charcoal on paper

25" x 18"

Tunnel Echoes, 1994   
Tunnel Echoes, 1994, Earth pigment and acrylic on carved gypsum board
Tunnel Echoes, 1994, Zinc etching plate
Tunnel Echoes, 1994, Etching
Tunnel Echoes, 1994, Indigo pigment and ink on etching on crushed paper
Tunnel Echoes, 1994   

Tunnel Echoes, 1994   

Crushed blue piece, 1992, Indigo and earth pigment, charcoal on crushed paper

Crushed blue piece, 1992

Indigo and earth pigment, charcoal on crushed paper

19” x 29 3/4”

Love over reason, 1993

Love over reason, 1993

Yoni, 1993, Earth pigment, charcoal and graphite on paper

Yoni, 1993

Earth pigment, charcoal and graphite on paper

32 3/4″ x 25”

Tower of Babel, 1993, Terracotta and print on plexi, acrylic, indigo, earth pigment, pastel , and print on plastic pasted on board

Tower of Babel, 1993

Terracotta and print on plexi, acrylic, indigo, earth pigment, pastel , and print on plastic pasted on board

27 3/4″ x 22 1/2”

Movement, 1993, Charcoal and earth pigment on paper

Movement, 1993

Charcoal and earth pigment on paper

15” x 16.5″, 14” x 18”, 18″ x 14”/ In 3 parts

Fluid, 1993, Indigo and earth pigment, charcoal on crushed paper

Fluid, 1993

Indigo and earth pigment, charcoal on crushed paper

14″ x 18

Bodyscape, 1993, Earth pigment and charcoal on crushed paper

Bodyscape, 1993

Earth pigment and charcoal on crushed paper

23 1/4″ x 31 1/4”

Strung, 1993, Earth pigment and charcoal on crushed paper

Strung, 1993

Earth pigment and charcoal on crushed paper

23 1/2” x 28”  

Earth picture, 1993, Ink on cut acrylic, terracotta, earth pigment and iron nails on board

Earth picture, 1993

Ink on cut acrylic, terracotta, earth pigment and iron nails on board

48 1/2" x 36 1/2"  

Eclipse, 1993, Earth pigment and graphite on paper

Eclipse, 1993

Earth pigment and graphite on paper

32 3/4" x 25”  

One into three, 1993

One into three, 1993

Behind a thin film, 1993, (In 2 parts) 

Behind a thin film, 1993

(In 2 parts) 

 

Dissemination, 1993, Indigo and earth pigment, ink, charcoal and print on paper

Dissemination, 1993

Indigo and earth pigment, ink, charcoal and print on paper

26 3/4″ x 31 1/2”

Exploratorium, 1993, Earth pigment, charcoal and acrylic on paper, print on paper

Exploratorium, 1993

Earth pigment, charcoal and acrylic on paper, print on paper

28 3/4” x 26 1/2"   

Aperture /Growth, 1993, Indigo and earth pigment and charcoal and print on paper

Aperture /Growth, 1993

Indigo and earth pigment and charcoal and print on paper

25.8” x 19.2”   

Fatal Echo (Latent seed), 1993, Earth pigment and charcoal on paper

Fatal Echo (Latent seed), 1993

Earth pigment and charcoal on paper

24.25" x 18"   

Fatal Echo (Labia Majora), 1993, Earth pigment and charcoal on paper

Fatal Echo (Labia Majora), 1993

Earth pigment and charcoal on paper

25" x 18"

Tunnel Echoes, 1994   

Tunnel Echoes, 1994